Varicose Veins Treatment Using Endovascular Laser Therapy

What are Varicose Veins?

In general, veins are responsible for carrying blood from the body to the lungs and heart. When the veins fail to circulate the blood properly, pools of blood will cause the veins to bulge.

Varicose veins are veins that may appear purple or blue, twisted and bulging close to the surface of the skin. Although they can form anywhere on the legs, the most common area for varicose veins to appear are the inside of the legs between the groin and the ankle or the backs of the calves. Varicose veins tend to develop from faulty valves in your veins and weakened vein walls. Under normal conditions, the one-directional valves in these veins fight gravity and push blood up towards the heart. If these valves do not function properly, however, the blood pools causing pressure to build up. Then the veins become weakened, enlarged, and twisted.

The Causes of Varicose Veins

Some people may be more likely than others to develop varicose veins and spider veins because of inherited characteristics (genetics), the aging process, or hormone changes. In most cases, statistics show that up to 50% of American women may be affected. Hormonal factors can also impact the disease. As a result, it is very common for pregnant women to form varicose veins during the first trimester. Pregnancy causes increases in hormone levels and blood volume which may cause veins to enlarge. Also, the enlarged uterus causes increased pressure on the veins. In most cases of pregnant woman the varicose veins improved within 3 months after delivery. However, with each additional pregnancy, abnormal veins are likely to remain. Varicose veins may also result from conditions that increase pressure on the leg veins. This includes aging, standing occupations, obesity and leg injuries. If the varicose veins are severe, they can rupture or ulcers can form on the skin.

Treatment Options for Varicose Veins

Varicose veins and EVLTThere are a variety of ways to treat varicose veins. Sclerotherapy, for example, is a non-surgical form of treatment in which a solution is injected into the problem varicose veins or spider veins in order to cause its disappearance.

Endovascular Laser Therapy (EVLT), a newer technology, works by heating the inside of the vein, which causes it to seal shut and disappear. This treatment requires that a very thin laser fiber be inserted into the damaged underlying vein. Our Board-Certified team of cardiologists currently treat Varicose Veins using this preferred treatment option. Please visit our Varicose Vein webite for more information.