Best Vitamins and Supplements for Heart, Diabetes and Arthritis

Dr. Amir

When you have heart disease, diabetes or arthritis, you may have to live with the condition for a long time. However, you may be able to improve your health and live more comfortably and productively by using certain vitamins and supplements.



Resveratrol, one of the plant compounds called polyphenols, has many benefits including protecting the body from heart disease. Red grape skins are the primary source of resveratrol, but mulberries, purple grape juice and red wine contain the compound as well. Peanuts also have small amounts of resveratrol in them.

Polyphenols help lower levels of LDL cholesterol and raise levels of HDL cholesterol. Antioxidant properties in resveratrol can decrease inflammation along with the swelling and pain it causes. Resveratrol can enlarge blood vessels and help keep platelets from adhering to each other, making them less likely to form blood clots that can cause heart attacks.

Research indicates that the antioxidant may help prevent diabetes and obesity, which can lead to heart disease, and people take resveratrol to help prevent atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) as well.


Your body makes CoQ10, and it is present in every cell, producing the energy needed for growth and maintenance of the cells. The substance, which is like a vitamin, behaves as an antioxidant to defend your body from the harm that dangerous molecules cause.

Coenzymes aid enzymes with digestion and assist with the defense of heart and skeletal muscles. Some studies show that CoQ10 may also help with symptoms of heart failure.

CoQ10 can help prevent the heart damage that doxorubicin (an anti-tumor drug) can cause and lower the amount of insulin required for people with diabetes.



The vitamins and minerals in flaxseed are comparable to those in grains, so people often refer to flaxseed as a low-carb whole grain even though it is not technically a grain. Flaxseed is low in carbohydrates and high in fiber, manganese, magnesium, folate, copper, phosphorus, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin B6 and phytonutrients like lignans that can help inhibit type 2 diabetes.

Flaxseed also contains alpha linolenic acid (ALA), an omega-3 fatty acid with an abundance of health benefits. You can get more than 100 percent of the recommended daily supply of omega-3 fatty acids from just two tablespoons of flaxseed.

Flaxseed can help prevent or control diabetes by stabilizing blood sugar. Its soluble fiber can increase insulin levels and may improve insulin sensitivity as well.


Called an essential trace element, the metal chromium is vital in small amounts for human health. People with diabetes or prediabetes can improve their blood sugar control by taking chromium, and those who take insulin may require lower amounts of it when they have adequate levels of chromium in their bodies.

Chromium is an insulin potentiator that helps increase the production of insulin in your body and may be the most beneficial trace mineral for those with diabetes.

Chromium may help people lose weight as well as control their blood glucose levels by improving the action of insulin, and it can help improve high blood sugar caused by taking steroids.


The Mayo Clinic recently reported that Omega-3 and borage oil both show promise as alternative or complementary therapies for osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis (RA) pain.


Omega-3 fatty acids like docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) found in fish oil from tuna, salmon and other coldwater fish are anti-inflammatories. Studies show that fish oil may help reduce pain and morning stiffness in the joints of chronic-inflammatory disease sufferers as well as allow them to decrease their need for nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Supplements containing omega-3 fatty acids can also help control blood sugar levels.

Borage Oil

Borage oil contains gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), an omega-6 fatty acid found in plant oils. GLA helps reduce swelling and tenderness in joints, which can decrease the need for the steroid prednisone to relieve arthritis symptoms.

A University of Massachusetts Medical Center research team conducted a one-year study on the benefits of borage oil for rheumatoid arthritis sufferers. The study revealed significant decreases in symptoms and signs of the disease in patients who received treatment with GLA.

Supplements and vitamins can help you ease the symptoms of diseases, delay or prevent onset of diseases and benefit your overall health and well being as well.